학술 기사

Dynamic Modeling and Sensitivity Analysis of a Stratified Heat Storage Coupled with a Heat Pump and an Organic Rankine Cycle


The storage of electrical energy is becoming increasingly important to satisfy the demand through renewable energy sources. In this paper, a continuous and discrete simulation of a pumped thermal energy storage (PTES) system are compared with respect to their computational time and accuracy.

Simulating and Evaluating Supply Chain Disruptions Along an End-to-end Semiconductor Automotive Supply Chain


The COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented public health and economic crisis, that dramatically impacted different industries, and presented an unforeseen challenge to the automotive industry and its supply chain. Researchers modeled a system dynamics simulation to demonstrate the behavior of a multi-echelon supply chain responding to different end market scenarios.

Multi-agent Optimization of the Intermodal Terminal Main Parameters: Research Based on a Case Study


Due to numerous uncertainties such as bad weather conditions, frequent changes in the schedules of vessels, breakdowns of equipment, port managers are aiming at providing adaptive and flexible strategic planning of their facilities, especially intermodal terminals (dry ports).

This research shows that the combination of the agent-based modeling with other simulation approaches simplifies the process of designing simulation models and increases their visibility. The developed set of models allows the researchers to compute the balanced values of the parameters. Consequently, it helps achieve effective operation of a seaport – intermodal terminal system. The provided case study on one of the busiest ports in China proves the adequacy and validity of the developed simulation models.

How Order Placement Influences Resource Allocation and Order Processing Times Inside a Multi-user Warehouse


This paper focuses on the influence of different order placement behavior of users on the allocation of common resources inside a multi-user warehouse. Furthermore, the interdependencies between one user’s resource usage on other users’ order processing time is investigated. For this objective, an agent-based simulation model has been developed, depicting a rectangular warehouse with two users and one order picker. Results show that different order placement behavior and resource usage of one user have a strong influence on order processing times of other users. Furthermore, by simulating uneven order placement by one user, it can be shown that peaks in order demand influence other user’s order processing times with a delay of up to two hours after the peak occurred. Thus, the results highlight the need for coordinated order placement of partners inside a multi-user warehouse.

Dynamic Behavioural Modeling, Simulation and Analysis of Household Water Consumption in an Urban Area: a Hybrid Approach


Pakistan is rapidly becoming a water stressed country, thus affecting people’s well-being. Authorities are faced with making drastic water conservation policies toward achieving effective management of available water resources and efficient water supply delivery coupled with responsible demand side management. Due to the lack of modern water metering in Pakistan, water consumption is not being accurately monitored. To achieve this goal, we propose a hybrid modeling and simulation framework, consisting of Agent-Based Modeling (ABM) paradigm that deals with the behavior and characteristics of individuals and System Dynamics(SD) paradigm that accounts for water flow dynamics. Our approach provides dual-resolution expressiveness suitable for replicating real-world urban infrastructure scenarios. The key objective of the research is to assist authorities to understand and forecast short-term and long-term water consumption through examining varying patterns of water consumption in different climates and thus improving demand side water usage dynamically subject to water supply availability.

A Comprehensive Electricity Market Model Using Simulation And Optimization Techniques


Worldwide Electrical Power Systems (EPSs) are faced with tremendous challenges because of the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and the increasing number of renewables. EPS analysis can help to show future developments in an uncertain environment and is an important task for the assessment of greenhouse gas emissions. In order to perform such a complex analysis of future EPSs, a huge number of input parameters is needed. Moreover, technical and also economical processes have to be considered. Thereby, one major task is the modeling of electricity markets. In this paper, we present an approach for the modeling of the German EPS including electricity markets using hybrid simulation and mathematical optimization. We contribute an object-oriented electricity market model which can be utilized to study different exchange mechanisms and behavior patterns of generation unit operators. Simulation results show market results for different generation unit operators and realistic market prices.